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EVALUATION OF THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT BONDING SYSTEMS AND RESTORATIVE MATERIALS ON SHEAR BOND STRENGTH IN THE REPAIR OF HIGH-VISCOSITY GLASS IONOMER CEMENT

BİLAL ÖZMEN BÜŞRA MUTLU AYŞE MERVE ELGÖRMÜŞ

Necmettin Erbakan University Dental Journal - 2024;6(1):13-21

 

Aim: High viscosity glass ionomer cements have been produced to increase the mechanical properties of glass ionomer cements. The aim of this study is to determine the appropriate adhesive system and restorative material that can be used in fracture repair of high viscosity glass ionomer cements. Material and Methods: A total of 140 standard size acrylic blocks were used in the study. 14 groups were formed from randomly selected acrylic blocks, with 10 samples in each group. High viscosity glass iomomer cement was placed in the first 13 groups, and resin-modified glass ionomer cement was placed in the last group. After the thermal cycle aging process was applied to all samples, repair restorations were performed with 4 different adhesive systems, 2 different composite resins and 2 different restorative types of glass ionomer cement. After the repair restorations, thermal cycle aging was applied again and the shear bond strengths were evaluated. One-way analysis of variance and Duncan multiple comparison test were used for statistical analysis. Results: The highest shear bond strength values were obtained by the total etch adhesive system (p<0.001). The lowest shear bond strength values were obtained when high-viscosity glass-iomomer cement without adhesive system was restored with high-viscosity glass iomomer cement (p<0.001). Conclusion: For higher shear bond strength values in the repair of high-viscosity glass ionomer cements should use to total etch adhesive systems and composite resin.