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EVALUATION OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DENTAL AND CERVICAL VERTEBRAE MATURATION IN TERMS OF AGE DETERMINATION

GÜLDANE MAĞAT

Necmettin Erbakan University Dental Journal - 2024;6(1):22-30

 

Aim: Age determination is a very important issue in anthropology, forensic science, and dentistry. Today, the most commonly used methods for age determination are the methods in which tooth and bone development are evaluated. This study aims to evaluate the relationship between gender, chronological age, dental maturation, and cervical vertebral maturation in individuals aged 8-25 years. Material and Method: Digital panoramic, lateral cephalometric radiographs of 500 patients aged 8-25 years were used in this study. Cervical vertebra maturation was evaluated using the dental maturation-modified Demirjian classification system of Baccetti et al. Means, minimum, maximum, and standard deviations were calculated and analyzed as descriptive statistics. Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Kappa, Kruskal-Wallis, Chi-Square, Linear Regression, and Spearman Correlation tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between chronological age and dental maturation and cervical vertebral maturation levels (p <0.01). While dental maturation levels did not differ significantly according to gender (p> 0.05), cervical vertebra maturation was statistically different (p <0.01). In correlation analysis, there was a positive correlation between chronological age and dental maturation, and cervical vertebral maturation levels (p <0.01). There was a strong correlation between dental maturation and cervical vertebral maturation levels (p <0.01). Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that skeletal maturity increased with the increase in chronological and dental age for both genders. The earlier formation was consistently observed for each stage of skeletal maturation in females. All correlations between skeletal and dental maturations were statistically significant. More research is needed to reach stronger results.