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PROPHYLACTIC SCLEROTHERAPY FOR LYMPHATIC COMPLICATIONS AFTER LIVING DONOR RENAL TRANSPLANT: A SINGLE-CENTER EXPERIENCE

HANY M EL HENNAWY, OMAR SAFAR, EİSA AL ATTA, YASSER M ALMAHDİ, MAHMOUD Z EL MADAWİE, AHMED MAHEDY, ABDEL AZİZ ABDEL AZİZ, MOHAMMAD F ZAİTOUN, GALAL A EL GAMAL, ABDULLAH S AL FAİFİ

Experimental and Clinical Transplantation - 2024;22(1):17-21

Surgery Department, Section of Transplantation, Armed Forces Hospitals Southern Region, Khamis Mushayte, Saudi Arabia

 

Objectives: Lymphocele formation after kidney transplant is a common complication that causes significant morbidity. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of intraoperative prophylactic povidone-iodine sclerotherapy through the closed suction drain to prevent lymphocele after kidney transplant. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective comparative single-institution study, we compared patients who underwent intraoperative prophylactic povidone-iodine sclerotherapy through the closed suction drain (group A) with patients who did not receive sclerotherapy (group B). Patients were treated between September 2017 and July 2023. At the end of the kidney transplant surgery, after the closure of the external oblique muscle layer and before skin closure, 10 mL of 10% povidone-iodine in 40 mL of normal saline were instilled via the closed suction drain and dwelled in the cavity for 30 minutes. Results: During the study period, 300 living-related donor kidney transplants were performed. Prophylactic povidone-iodine sclerotherapy was performed in 150 patients (50%). We noted a significantly lower incidence of lymphorrhea and lymphocele in group A. On postoperative days 1 and 5, we noted a significant reduction in drain output in group A (P < .001). One patient in group A and 5 patients in group B required ultrasonography-guided drainage and povidone-iodine sclerotherapy. No sclerotherapy-related complications were reported after a median follow-up of 16 months (range, 3-29 months). Conclusions: Intraoperative prophylactic povidoneiodine sclerotherapy appears to be an easy, safe, and effective procedure for preventing lymphatic complications after living donor kidney transplant.